Design thinking is a popular concept in design. This article explains basic ideas of design thinking, and lists design thinking tools and various resource collections.
In the article “What Is Design Thinking?” pointed out that design thinking is an understanding of the design process, so all involved people, regardless of their roles, must be responsible for creating a practical, functional, aesthetic products with reasonable price.
This article will explain in more detail the definition of design thinking, five phases of design thinking, design thinking methods, design thinking tools, and various types of resource collections.
Ⅰ. What Is Design Thinking？
1. Design thinking is the process of finding and solving problems
Problem-Solving: Every design starts with a problem at the very beginning. People needed to shelter from the rain and sleep in the cave but it’s too humid, so here came with the house.
The primitive people needed to cover their bodies because of the shame, so the clothes were designed. People needed to hunt and the stones were too sharp, so they had tools. People need to drink water and it’s too far to the river, so cups were made. Any design is a purposeful demand solution starting from the problem.
2. Design thinking is the process of deducing the essence of problems based on their own limitations
Problem Reframing: Designers will encounter this situation for a long time. Trying to solve a problem at the same time introduces another problem. For example, EVs have solved carbon emissions. The problem, but the production of lithium batteries has brought river pollution. This is what designers do not like to see.
Sometimes we need to reposition our own problems. People do not actually need mobile phones (nouns). People only need to communicate (verbs). So the problem at the cell phone level may be important. The important thing is how to make people communicate better and more conveniently.
When Ford asks the user what he wants, the answer he gets is a fast horse. If he does, Ford may be just a horse farm. But in fact, people don’t need horses. People just want to move quickly (verbs), where cars may be a solution. This is a constant deduction of the nature of the problem.